The Achilles tendon is considered to be the strongest tendon in the body. It is located in the back of the leg, and its function is to connect the calf muscles to the heel. If this tendon becomes damaged as a result of overuse, a torn Achilles tendon or tendonitis may develop. This type of injury can cause severe pain and discomfort, and it may be difficult to walk. Research has indicated it is important to perform a proper warm up before starting any running or jumping activity, as this may be helpful in preventing Achilles tendon injuries. If you have endured this type of injury, it may be beneficial to elevate the affected leg, to help reduce swelling. Additionally, it is imperative that the activity is temporarily stopped that caused the injury, and then possibly resumed at a gentler pace when the healing process is completed. If you feel you have injured your Achilles tendon, it is advised that you schedule an appointment with a podiatrist who can properly treat this type of injury.
Achilles tendon injuries need immediate attention to avoid future complications. If you have any concerns, contact Dr. Douglas Mckay of New Jersey . Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
What Is the Achilles Tendon?
The Achilles tendon is a tendon that connects the lower leg muscles and calf to the heel of the foot. It is the strongest tendon in the human body and is essential for making movement possible. Because this tendon is such an integral part of the body, any injuries to it can create immense difficulties and should immediately be presented to a doctor.
What Are the Symptoms of an Achilles Tendon Injury?
There are various types of injuries that can affect the Achilles tendon. The two most common injuries are Achilles tendinitis and ruptures of the tendon.
Achilles Tendinitis Symptoms
- Dull to severe pain
- Increased blood flow to the tendon
- Thickening of the tendon
- Extreme pain and swelling in the foot
- Total immobility
Treatment and Prevention
Achilles tendon injuries are diagnosed by a thorough physical evaluation, which can include an MRI. Treatment involves rest, physical therapy, and in some cases, surgery. However, various preventative measures can be taken to avoid these injuries, such as:
- Thorough stretching of the tendon before and after exercise
- Strengthening exercises like calf raises, squats, leg curls, leg extensions, leg raises, lunges, and leg presses
If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Caldwell, and Galloway, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.