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Tuesday, 19 July 2022 00:00

Symptoms of Cuboid Syndrome

One common foot affliction that can cause serious pain is known as cuboid syndrome. This condition causes pain primarily on the outer area of the foot, termed lateral foot pain. Cuboid syndrome occurs when the cuboid bone, a particularly small bone on the outside of the foot, dislocates. This dislocation can be caused either by ankle sprains or repeated trauma on the peroneus longus muscle. There are a number of symptoms that you may experience when you develop cuboid syndrome. In addition to lateral foot pain, you may notice yourself limping when you walk. Limping is common for people experiencing cuboid syndrome, because it indicates that the person is attempting to avoid walking on the cuboid bone. In addition, those suffering from cuboid syndrome might experience swelling and tenderness in the dislocated bone. Although symptoms can vary from patient to patient, you might also experience a feeling of weakness in the entire foot. This weakness can be most pronounced when beginning to jump or run. Cuboid syndrome can detrimentally affect the health of your feet and your lifestyle. It is suggested that you seek the help of a podiatrist to mitigate the pain and treat the condition.

Cuboid syndrome, also known as cuboid subluxation, occurs when the joints and ligaments near the cuboid bone in the foot become torn. If you have cuboid syndrome, consult with Dr. Douglas Mckay from New Jersey . Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

Cuboid syndrome is a common cause of lateral foot pain, which is pain on the outside of the foot. The condition may happen suddenly due to an ankle sprain, or it may develop slowly overtime from repetitive tension through the bone and surrounding structures.

Causes

The most common causes of cuboid syndrome include:

  • Injury – The most common cause of this ailment is an ankle sprain.
  • Repetitive Strain – Tension placed through the peroneus longus muscle from repetitive activities such as jumping and running may cause excessive traction on the bone causing it to sublux.
  • Altered Foot Biomechanics – Most people suffering from cuboid subluxation have flat feet.

Symptoms

A common symptom of cuboid syndrome is pain along the outside of the foot which can be felt in the ankle and toes. This pain may create walking difficulties and may cause those with the condition to walk with a limp.

Diagnosis

Diagnosis of cuboid syndrome is often difficult, and it is often misdiagnosed. X-rays, MRIs and CT scans often fail to properly show the cuboid subluxation. Although there isn’t a specific test used to diagnose cuboid syndrome, your podiatrist will usually check if pain is felt while pressing firmly on the cuboid bone of your foot.

Treatment

Just as the range of causes varies widely, so do treatments. Some more common treatments are ice therapy, rest, exercise, taping, and orthotics.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Caldwell, and Galloway, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

 

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Tuesday, 12 July 2022 00:00

Facts About Capsulitis of the Second Toe

The foot has 30 ligaments, five of which connect the long bones of the midfoot (metatarsals) to the toes (phalanges). The ligaments form a capsule around the joint, helping it to work properly when you walk, run, or jump. When such a ligament becomes inflamed, it causes a pain called capsulitis. The most common form of this condition occurs in the second toe, often the result of a bunion, a longer second toe, flat feet, or low arches. It is sometimes mistaken for Morton’s neuroma, but that is a separate condition that affects the nerves. Capsulitis of the second toe is progressive and worsens over time, usually because of genetics or overuse. Long-term wearing of high heels may also have contributed to this. A podiatrist can examine your foot to detect the source of the pain using an X-ray and manipulation of the affected area. Conservative treatments, such as ice, rest, medication, and orthotics may be recommended. Changing footwear, taping, and splinting can also help. If these methods are not effective, or if your condition is particularly advanced, surgery may be another option.

Toe pain can disrupt your daily activities. If you have any concerns, contact Dr. Douglas Mckay of New Jersey . Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Causes Toe Pain?

Most severe toe pain is caused due to a sports injury, trauma from dropping something heavy on the toe, or bumping into something rigid. Other problems can develop over time for various reasons.

Toe pain can be caused by one or more ailments. The most common include:

  • Trauma
  • Sports injury
  • Wearing shoes that are too tight
  • Arthritis
  • Gout
  • Corns and calluses
  • Hammertoe
  • Bunions
  • Blisters
  • Ingrown toenails
  • Sprains
  • Fractures (broken bones)
  • Dislocations

When to See a Podiatrist

  • Severe pain
  • Persistent pain that lasts more than a week
  • Signs of infection
  • Continued swelling
  • Pain that prevents walking

Diagnosis

In many cases the cause of toe pain is obvious, but in others, a podiatrist may want to use more advanced methods to determine the problem. These can range from simple visual inspections and sensation tests to X-rays and MRI scans. Prior medical history, family medical history, and any recent physical traumatic events will all be taken into consideration for a proper diagnosis.

Treatment

Treatments for toe pain and injuries vary and may include shoe inserts, padding, taping, medicines, injections, and in some cases, surgery. If you believe that you have broken a toe, please see a podiatrist as soon as possible.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Caldwell, and Galloway, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

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Thursday, 07 July 2022 00:00

Plantar Warts Can Be Treated!

Plantar warts are small growths that develop on parts of the feet that bear weight. They're typically found on the bottom of the foot. Don't live with plantar warts, and call us today!

The importance of taking care of babies' feet is crucial to having a strong foundation. Proper foot care started at an early age may help to ensure healthy feet. This can begin by refraining from having children wear shoes while indoors. The toes will grip the floor and this is beneficial in strengthening the overall foot. When the time comes to walk outside, shoes that are lightweight and flexible may be best and can act as protective skin. When a baby starts to walk the foot structure is beginning to develop. Flat feet that most babies are born with may start to diminish and the arch may be seen. The arch will continue to develop through the teenage years. As the baby grows, a sturdier shoe with some flexibility may be desired that can accommodate running and daily wear and tear. When purchasing shoes for your child it is suggested that their feet are properly measured and this is generally done every three months up to the age of three years. If you would like more information about babies' feet and how to properly care for them, please confer with a podiatrist.

Making sure that your children maintain good foot health is very important as they grow. If you have any questions, contact Dr. Douglas Mckay of New Jersey . Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Keeping Children's Feet Healthy

Having healthy feet during childhood can help prevent medical problems later in life, namely in the back and legs. As children grow, their feet require different types of care. Here are some things to consider...

Although babies do not walk yet, it is still very important to take care of their feet.

Avoid putting tight shoes or socks on his or her feet.

Allow the baby to stretch and kick his or her feet to feel comfortable.

As a toddler, kids are now on the move and begin to develop differently. At this age, toddlers are getting a feel for walking, so don’t be alarmed if your toddler is unsteady or ‘walks funny’. 

As your child gets older, it is important to teach them how to take care of their feet.

Show them proper hygiene to prevent infections such as fungus.

Be watchful for any pain or injury.

Have all injuries checked by a doctor as soon as possible.

Comfortable, protective shoes should always be worn, especially at play.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Caldwell, and Galloway, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Falls are never fun and can be particularly dangerous for older people. The CDC reports that one in five falls leads to a serious injury, such as a broken bone or head injury. The fear of falling can also impact the quality of one’s life as it can prevent a person from being active and thriving. Because of these things, it is important for seniors and those caring for them to do what it is possible to prevent falls. Generally, older people fall more often than others due to lack of exercise, medication side effects, a health problem (such as diabetes causing low blood sugar episodes), poor vision, or things related to fall risks left unattended to in their homes. Practicing balance exercises, checking the home for hazards (like loose throw rugs or ice around the perimeter of a home), making sure shoes are flat, practical, and sturdy, and learning to use walking aids, such as canes, properly can all help in the prevention of falls. If you are a senior or caregiver and you or one you are watching over wants to learn more about specific fall risks and prevention, see a podiatrist for a customized examination and personalized plan. 

Preventing falls among the elderly is very important. If you are older and have fallen or fear that you are prone to falling, consult with Dr. Douglas Mckay from New Jersey . Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality advice and care.

Every 11 seconds, an elderly American is being treated in an emergency room for a fall related injury. Falls are the leading cause of head and hip injuries for those 65 and older. Due to decreases in strength, balance, senses, and lack of awareness, elderly persons are very susceptible to falling. Thankfully, there are a number of things older persons can do to prevent falls.

How to Prevent Falls

Some effective methods that older persons can do to prevent falls include:

  • Enrolling in strength and balance exercise program to increase balance and strength
  • Periodically having your sight and hearing checked
  • Discuss any medications you have with a doctor to see if it increases the risk of falling
  • Clearing the house of falling hazards and installing devices like grab bars and railings
  • Utilizing a walker or cane
  • Wearing shoes that provide good support and cushioning
  • Talking to family members about falling and increasing awareness

Falling can be a traumatic and embarrassing experience for elderly persons; this can make them less willing to leave the house, and less willing to talk to someone about their fears of falling. Doing such things, however, will increase the likelihood of tripping or losing one’s balance. Knowing the causes of falling and how to prevent them is the best way to mitigate the risk of serious injury.  

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Caldwell, and Galloway, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Tuesday, 21 June 2022 00:00

What Causes Heel Bursitis?

In addition to the many bones, tendons, ligaments, and muscles found in the foot, it also contains bursa. These sacs of fluid act as cushions between tendons, muscles, and bones, and can be found in the heel. When a bursa becomes inflamed, it is called bursitis. There are two types of heel bursitis, retrocalcaneal and subcutaneous calcaneal. Retrocalcaneal bursa are found in the back of the ankle near the heel. When it becomes inflamed, it can be mistaken for Achilles tendonitis because it develops behind the heel. It is caused by overuse or repetitive activity – too much walking, running, or jumping. It can be set off by changes in the level of activity, improper training, or a history of arthritis. Subcutaneous calcaneal bursitis is the result of a thinning of the heel pad, and the pain seems to radiate from inside the heel. Ill-fitting footwear, being overweight, stress fractures, and tumors on the foot all can contribute to heel bursitis. If you are experiencing heel pain, it is suggested you consult a podiatrist for a complete examination to determine the cause and find the appropriate treatment options. 

Many people suffer from bouts of heel pain. For more information, contact Dr. Douglas Mckay of New Jersey . Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Causes of Heel Pain

Heel pain is often associated with plantar fasciitis. The plantar fascia is a band of tissues that extends along the bottom of the foot. A rip or tear in this ligament can cause inflammation of the tissue.

Achilles tendonitis is another cause of heel pain. Inflammation of the Achilles tendon will cause pain from fractures and muscle tearing. Lack of flexibility is also another symptom.

Heel spurs are another cause of pain. When the tissues of the plantar fascia undergo a great deal of stress, it can lead to ligament separation from the heel bone, causing heel spurs.

Why Might Heel Pain Occur?

  • Wearing ill-fitting shoes                  
  • Wearing non-supportive shoes
  • Weight change           
  • Excessive running

Treatments

Heel pain should be treated as soon as possible for immediate results. Keeping your feet in a stress-free environment will help. If you suffer from Achilles tendonitis or plantar fasciitis, applying ice will reduce the swelling. Stretching before an exercise like running will help the muscles. Using all these tips will help make heel pain a condition of the past.

If you have any questions please contact one of our offices located in Caldwell, and Galloway, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Tuesday, 14 June 2022 00:00

The Dangers of Wearing Flip Flops

Many people enjoy wearing flip-flops during the warmer months. Their various colors and exemption of laces can make these types of shoes tempting to slip into. Research has indicated, however, that there may be some drawbacks to wearing flip-flops. Patients who frequently wear them may experience foot and ankle pain, in addition to walking differently. This may be a direct result of the flip-flops having no arch and little to no support. The toes must also work harder to keep these shoes on the feet. Additionally, flip-flop wearers often take shorter steps, and this can cause more stress to the overall body. Heel pain is also a common ailment among flip-flop wearers. Flip-flops generally have a thin sole and are backless, which can lead to the development of cracked heels. If you would like more information about the dangers of wearing flip-flops, please consult a podiatrist who can answer any questions you may have.

Flip-flops are not always the best choice of footwear. If you have any concerns about your feet or ankles, contact Dr. Douglas Mckay from New Jersey . Our doctor will assist you with all of your foot and ankle needs.

Flip-Flops and Feet

When the weather starts warming up, people enjoy wearing flip-flops.  Flip-flops are comfortable, stylish, and easy to slip on and off; they're perfect for any summer beach goer.  However, these shoes can cause harm to the feet.

How Can Flip-Flops Affect Me Long-Term?

  • Ankle problems
  • Hip problems
  • Lower back problems
  • Pain in the balls of the feet
  • Problems with foot arches
  • Changes in the way you walk

Are There Injuries Associated with Flip-Flops?

Yes.  Since flip-flops are relatively weak and do not provide the same amount of support as sneakers, people who wear flip-flops regularly are more susceptible to injuries. On top of that, the open nature of the shoe makes your feet more prone to other problems, such as cuts and even infections.  Common injuries and ailments include:

  • Sprained ankles
  • Blisters
  • Infections
  • Cuts and Scrapes

I like Wearing Flip-Flops. Are There Safe Alternatives?

When buying flip-flops, try to find ones that have sturdy soles and that are made of high-quality materials that will support for your feet.  These flip-flops will cost more but will also last longer as a result.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Caldwell, and Galloway, NJ .  We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Tuesday, 07 June 2022 00:00

Why Does Gout Develop?

Gout is a foot condition that affects the joints in the big toe. It is an extremely painful ailment that develops from excess uric acid levels in the bloodstream. Many patients have such debilitating pain that the weight of a bed sheet is too heavy. Gout may occur due to genetic reasons as well as eating foods that have high amounts of purines. There may also be medical reasons why someone develops gout. These can include having high blood pressure, being overweight, or having chronic kidney disease or diabetes. It often starts attacking the big toe and can spread to other parts of the body, if not treated promptly. An effective prevention method to reduce gout attacks can be a lifestyle change. This includes refraining from eating foods consisting of red meats, shellfish, and drinks that are made with large amounts of sugar. Additionally, it can help to start a gentle exercise program that can strengthen the body. Gout attacks can be properly diagnosed during a flare-up and X-rays may be taken. If you have gout it is strongly advised that you are under the care of a podiatrist who can help you to manage the pain and discuss effective prevention and treatment methods.

Gout is a foot condition that requires certain treatment and care. If you are seeking treatment, contact Dr. Douglas Mckay from New Jersey . Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What Is Gout?

Gout is a type of arthritis caused by a buildup of uric acid in the bloodstream. It often develops in the foot, especially the big toe area, although it can manifest in other parts of the body as well. Gout can make walking and standing very painful and is especially common in diabetics and the obese.

People typically get gout because of a poor diet. Genetic predisposition is also a factor. The children of parents who have had gout frequently have a chance of developing it themselves.

Gout can easily be identified by redness and inflammation of the big toe and the surrounding areas of the foot. Other symptoms include extreme fatigue, joint pain, and running high fevers. Sometimes corticosteroid drugs can be prescribed to treat gout, but the best way to combat this disease is to get more exercise and eat a better diet.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Caldwell, and Galloway, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Gout

If you are suffering from tenderness, pain, or stiffness in the joints of your feet or ankles, call us to schedule an appointment.

Tuesday, 31 May 2022 00:00

Ankle Sprains, Strains, and Breaks

Injuries to your ankle such as sprains, strains, and breaks may feel similar, but are different. Sprains occur when there is an unnatural stretch or tear in the ligament(s) that support and bind the ankle. There may be an audible pop when you sprain your ankle, and there will be varying degrees of pain, bruising, swelling, and inflammation, and even a deformity, depending on the severity of the sprain. It may be difficult or even impossible to walk on the affected foot. Strains occur when tendons or muscles around the ankle are stretched or pulled repetitively or excessively. The symptoms of an ankle strain are similar, and may also include cramping and muscle spasms. Breaks are chips, fractures, or complete breaks in one or more of the bones in your ankle. Walking on a broken ankle may be impossible. Regardless of which injury has occurred, it is suggested that you see a podiatrist right away to be properly diagnosed and treated.

Ankle pain can have many different causes and the pain may potentially be serious. If you have ankle pain, consult with Dr. Douglas Mckay from New Jersey . Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

Ankle pain is any condition that causes pain in the ankle. Due to the fact that the ankle consists of tendons, muscles, bones, and ligaments, ankle pain can come from a number of different conditions.

Causes

The most common causes of ankle pain include:

  • Types of arthritis (rheumatoid, osteoarthritis, and gout)
  • Ankle sprains
  • Broken ankles
  • Achilles tendinitis
  • Achilles tendon rupture
  • Stress fractures
  • Tarsal tunnel syndrome
  • Plantar fasciitis

Symptoms

Symptoms of ankle injury vary based upon the condition. Pain may include general pain and discomfort, swelling, aching, redness, bruising, burning or stabbing sensations, and/or loss of sensation.

Diagnosis

Due to the wide variety of potential causes of ankle pain, podiatrists will utilize a number of different methods to properly diagnose ankle pain. This can include asking for personal and family medical histories and of any recent injuries. Further diagnosis may include sensation tests, a physical examination, and potentially x-rays or other imaging tests.

Treatment

Just as the range of causes varies widely, so do treatments. Some more common treatments are rest, ice packs, keeping pressure off the foot, orthotics and braces, medication for inflammation and pain, and surgery.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Caldwell, and Galloway, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

 

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