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Research has shown that people who are sixty-five years and older are prone to have problems with their feet. This may be a result of wear and tear the feet endure as the aging process occurs. Many people do not pay attention to their feet until an uncomfortable foot condition arises. Additionally, they may lose their motivation to exercise, and this can contribute to specific foot problems. The arches may flatten, and the padding can become thin from weight gain, and possible heart issues. It is helpful to inspect the feet on a daily basis for cuts and bruises, and the feet and overall body may feel better when proper size shoes are worn. It may be beneficial for family members or professional caregivers to help with proper foot care. If you would like more information about how to care for elderly feet, please contact a podiatrist who can provide you with qualified answers.

Proper foot care is something many older adults forget to consider. If you have any concerns about your feet and ankles, contact Dr. Douglas Mckay from New Jersey . Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

The Elderly and Their Feet

As we age we start to notice many changes in our body, but the elder population may not notice them right away. Medical conditions may prevent the elderly to take notice of their foot health right away. Poor vision is a lead contributor to not taking action for the elderly.

Common Conditions 

  • Neuropathy – can reduce feeling in the feet and can hide many life-threatening medical conditions.
  • Reduced flexibility – prevents the ability of proper toenail trimming, and foot cleaning. If left untreated, it may lead to further medical issues.
  • Foot sores – amongst the older population can be serious before they are discovered. Some of the problematic conditions they may face are:
  • Gouging toenails affecting nearby toe
  • Shoes that don’t fit properly
  • Pressure sores
  • Loss of circulation in legs & feet
  • Edema & swelling of feet and ankles

Susceptible Infections

Diabetes and poor circulation can cause general loss of sensitivity over the years, turning a simple cut into a serious issue.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Caldwell, and Galloway, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Taking Care of Elderly Feet
Tuesday, 26 April 2022 00:00

Spraining an Ankle

An ankle sprain occurs when the foot inverts and twists causing the ankle joint out of its normal position. The ankle injury is sustained on the lateral ankle complex, composed of three ligaments – talofibular, calcaneofibular, and posterior talofibular – that hold the ankle bones and joints together. There may be small tears and damage to tendons, cartilage and blood vessels and there will usually be pain when weight is placed on the affected ankle, swelling, and even bruising. Anyone can sprain an ankle but those who participate in sports, walk on uneven surfaces, or wear inappropriate footwear are more at risk. It can take several weeks, even months for a sprained ankle to heal completely. Calling a podiatrist is suggested if you feel you might have sprained your ankle to determine how severe the injury is, make sure it is not broken through various manipulations and one or more imaging studies, and to provide the proper course of treatment.

Ankle sprains are common but need immediate attention. If you need your feet checked, contact Dr. Douglas Mckay from New Jersey . Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

How Does an Ankle Sprain Occur?

Ankle sprains take place when the ligaments in your ankle are torn or stretched beyond their limits. There are multiple ways that the ankle can become injured, including twisting or rolling over onto your ankle, putting undue stress on it, or causing trauma to the ankle itself.

What Are the Symptoms?

  • Mild to moderate bruising
  • Limited mobility
  • Swelling
  • Discoloration of the skin (depending on severity)

Preventing a Sprain

  • Wearing appropriate shoes for the occasion
  • Stretching before exercises and sports
  • Knowing your limits

Treatment of a Sprain

Treatment of a sprain depends on the severity.  Many times, people are told to rest and remain off their feet completely, while others are given an air cast. If the sprain is very severe, surgery may be required.

If you have suffered an ankle sprain previously, you may want to consider additional support such as a brace and regular exercises to strengthen the ankle.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Caldwell, and Galloway, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Ankle Sprains

Swelling in the feet and ankles (edema) is caused by fluid that builds up in these areas. It is often the result of standing or walking for too long, having too much salt in your diet, being overweight, or being pregnant. Several medications, such as steroids, blood pressure meds, contraceptives, and antidepressants, may also cause swelling in the extremities. Other causes include blood clots, kidney or liver problems, bee sting or insect bite, or infection.  Symptoms of edema are shiny, red, or stretched skin and puffy feet, ankles, and lower legs. Ways to reduce the swelling include keeping your foot elevated when sitting or lying down, doing simple exercises to encourage blood flow, and wearing wide, comfortable shoes with a low heel and soft sole. If you have frequent bouts of edema, or if the swelling does not recede after a few days, it’s a good idea to check in with a podiatrist for an examination and recommended treatment options.

Everyday foot care is very important to prevent infection and other foot ailments. If you need your feet checked, contact Dr. Douglas Mckay from New Jersey . Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Everyday Foot Care

Often, people take care of their bodies, face and hair more so than they do for their feet. But the feet are a very important aspect of our bodies, and one that we should pay more attention to. Without our feet, we would not be able to perform most daily tasks.

It is best to check your feet regularly to make sure there are no new bruises or cuts that you may not have noticed before. For dry feet, moisturizer can easily be a remedy and can be applied as often as necessary to the affected areas. Wearing shoes that fit well can also help you maintain good foot health, as well as making it easier to walk and do daily activities without the stress or pain of ill-fitting shoes, high heels, or even flip flops. Wearing clean socks with closed shoes is important to ensure that sweat and bacteria do not accumulate within the shoe. Clean socks help to prevent Athlete’s foot, fungi problems, bad odors, and can absorb sweat.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Caldwell, and Galloway, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Tuesday, 12 April 2022 00:00

How to Measure for Shoe Size

Always measure your feet if you have any questions about your proper shoe size. You can measure your own feet with a tape measure or ruler, paper, a writing implement, and a chair to sit on while measuring your feet. First, tape the paper to the floor so it will not move. Second, sit on the chair and put one foot on the paper. Make sure to wear socks or foot coverings that you plan to wear with shoes before placing them on the paper. Third, outline the outside of your foot with your pen or pencil. Do this for both feet to check subtle differences that might be present between your feet. Fourth, measure from the tip of the heel to the longest toe of your foot and make a note of the numbers. Finally, do some simple math – subtract 3/16 from the measurement you wrote down to account for the difference between your foot and the shoe. The result is your shoe size! If you have trouble measuring your feet properly or find that you are still not able to find comfortably fitting shoes, see a podiatrist for help in measurements, and shoe suggestions, or to help you detect any other problems that might be going on with your feet.

Getting the right shoe size is an important part of proper foot health. Seek the assistance of Dr. Douglas Mckay from New Jersey . Our doctor will provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Getting the Right Shoe Size

There are many people who wear shoes that are the incorrect size, negatively affecting their feet and posture. Selecting the right shoes is not a difficult process, so long as you keep several things in mind when it comes to choosing the right pair.

  • When visiting the shoe store, use the tools available to measure your foot.
  • Be sure there is ‘wiggle room’. There should be about an inch between your toes and the tip of your shoes.
  • Do not always assume you are the same size, as manufacturers run differently.
  • Purchase shoes later in the day, as your feet swell as the day progresses.
  • If a shoe is not comfortable, it is not suitable. Most shoes can’t be ‘broken in’, and comfort should be the ultimate goal when it comes to choosing the right pair of shoes

As our feet hold our body weight and keep us moving, it is important to treat them right. Picking the right pair of shoes can provide your feet comfort and mobility without pain.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Caldwell, and Galloway, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Getting the Right Shoe Size: To Keep Your Feet Happy

Have you noticed a bony protrusion on the side of your big toe? If so, you may have developed the foot condition known as a bunion. Don't let bunions interfere with your daily activities.

Tuesday, 05 April 2022 00:00

Types of Corns

Repeated friction on the foot can result in developing corns. They are hardened areas of skin, and some can cause pain and discomfort. There are three kinds of corns, consisting of hard, soft, and seed. Corns that form on the sole of the foot are referred to as seed corns, and they are generally found in groups. Hard corns can form on top of the toes, and may come from wearing shoes that do not fit correctly. Soft corns are found between the toes, and are typically moist. Relief for most corns can be found when the correct shoes are worn, and wearing specific socks may help to reduce some of the friction. Some patients can experience pain with corns, and it may interfere with completing daily activities. If you have developed any type of corn on your foot, it is suggested that you confer with a podiatrist who can provide the best options for you.

Corns can make walking very painful and should be treated immediately. If you have questions regarding your feet and ankles, contact Dr. Douglas Mckay of New Jersey . Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Corns: What Are They? And How Do You Get Rid of Them?
Corns are thickened areas on the skin that can become painful. They are caused by excessive pressure and friction on the skin. Corns press into the deeper layers of the skin and are usually round in shape.

Ways to Prevent Corns
There are many ways to get rid of painful corns such as:

  • Wearing properly fitting shoes that have been measured by a professional
  • Wearing shoes that are not sharply pointed or have high heels
  • Wearing only shoes that offer support

Treating Corns

Although most corns slowly disappear when the friction or pressure stops, this isn’t always the case. Consult with your podiatrist to determine the best treatment option for your case of corns.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Caldwell, and Galloway, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Corns: What Are They, and How Do You Get Rid of Them
Tuesday, 29 March 2022 00:00

Handling Pain in the Top of the Foot

There may be multiple causes for feeling pain in the top of the foot, the most common of which are wearing shoes that are too tight and over-exercising. If you experience pain, swelling and bruising after repetitive exercise, you may have sprained or fractured a metatarsal (stress fracture). Tendonitis or osteoarthritis (both inflammatory conditions) may also cause such pain and swelling, as well as long-term stiffness, a crackling sound when you move your foot, and the formation of a lump. A third cause of top of the foot pain is gout, another inflammatory condition, caused by the buildup of uric acid in the joints. This results in redness, heat, swelling and extreme pain when anything touches the skin, often beginning at the base of the big toe. If you are experiencing any of these conditions, it’s a good idea to seek the counsel of a podiatrist who can examine your foot, diagnose the cause, and suggest the appropriate treatment options. 

Foot Pain

Foot pain can be extremely painful and debilitating. If you have a foot pain, consult with Dr. Douglas Mckay from New Jersey . Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

Causes

Foot pain is a very broad condition that could be caused by one or more ailments. The most common include:

  • Bunions
  • Hammertoes
  • Plantar Fasciitis
  • Bone Spurs
  • Corns
  • Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
  • Ingrown Toenails
  • Arthritis (such as Gout, Rheumatoid, and Osteoarthritis)
  • Flat Feet
  • Injury (from stress fractures, broken toe, foot, ankle, Achilles tendon ruptures, and sprains)
  • And more

Diagnosis

To figure out the cause of foot pain, podiatrists utilize several different methods. This can range from simple visual inspections and sensation tests to X-rays and MRI scans. Prior medical history, family medical history, and any recent physical traumatic events will all be taken into consideration for a proper diagnosis.

Treatment

Treatment depends upon the cause of the foot pain. Whether it is resting, staying off the foot, or having surgery; podiatrists have a number of treatment options available for foot pain.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Caldwell, and Galloway, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Foot Pain
Tuesday, 22 March 2022 00:00

How to Take Care of Your Baby’s Feet

Your baby will be depending on his or her feet for a lifetime, so it makes sense to begin their life trying to make sure their feet are properly cared for. Under most circumstances, babies are born with feet that are normal and healthy and good care can keep them that way. Things that can be done to keep baby’s feet in good condition include: allowing free and active movement to ensure good muscle development, barefoot crawling indoors so feet and toes continue to develop normally, frequent checking on the proper fit of socks and shoes (especially given how quickly they grow), washing their feet every day with soap and water and drying them thoroughly, and not rushing baby’s walking in any way, including providing walking aids, which might cause injury. Consulting with a podiatrist is suggested if anything concerning or questionable arises with your baby’s feet for immediate diagnosis and proper treatment recommendations, e.g., toes turning in or out a lot, shoes wearing unevenly, rashes, bumps or lumps developing on their feet, or they complain of continual foot pain.  

The health of a child’s feet is vital to their overall well-being. If you have any questions regarding foot health, contact Dr. Douglas Mckay of New Jersey . Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Tips for Keeping Children's Feet Healthy

  • Make sure their shoes fit properly
  • Look for any signs of in-toeing or out-toeing
  • Check to see if they have Clubfoot (condition that affects your child’s foot and ankle, twisting the heel and toes inward) which is one of the most common nonmajor birth defects.
  • Lightly cover your baby’s feet (Tight covers may keep your baby from moving their feet freely, and could prevent normal development)
  • Allow your toddler to go shoeless (Shoes can be restricting for a young child’s foot)
  • Cut toenails straight across to avoid ingrown toenails
  • Keep your child’s foot clean and dry
  • Cover cuts and scrapes. Wash any scratches with soap and water and cover them with a bandage until they’ve healed.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Caldwell, and Galloway, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about How to Care for Your Child's Feet

Arthritis, especially in older adults, brings with it a chance of problems that can affect your feet and your overall health. A loss of blood supply to your lower extremities can cause numbness. Your skin can become thinner, and your feet can change shape, which may increase the chance of wounds, or ulceration, and slow the healing process. Because of this, preventing wounds can be an important part of your foot care health plan. Preventative measures include keeping your feet clean and dry, moisturizing them, and avoiding wearing socks that are too tight. If you discover a foot wound, avoid touching it, wash and pat dry the affected area, and loosely cover it with sterile gauze. If after taking these precautions, you notice that it is still not healing or has become infected, it is a good idea to consult a podiatrist who can examine the problem and suggest further treatment options.

Arthritis can be a difficult condition to live with. If you are seeking treatment, contact Dr. Douglas Mckay from New Jersey . Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Arthritic Foot Care  

Arthritis is a joint disorder that involves the inflammation of different joints in your body, such as those in your feet. Arthritis is often caused by a degenerative joint disease and causes mild to severe pain in all affected areas. In addition to this, swelling and stiffness in the affected joints can also be a common symptom of arthritis.

In many cases, wearing ill-fitting shoes can worsen the effects and pain of arthritis. Wearing shoes that have a lower heel and extra room can help your feet feel more comfortable. In cases of rheumatoid arthritis, the arch in your foot may become problematic. Buying shoes with proper arch support that contour to your feet can help immensely.

Alleviating Arthritic Pain

  • Exercises that stretch the foot can prevent further pain and injury and increase mobility
  • Most of the pain can be alleviated with anti-inflammatory drugs, heat, and topical medications
  • Massages can help temporarily alleviate pain.

It is best to see your doctor for the treatment that is right for your needs and symptoms. Conditions vary, and a podiatrist can help you determine the right method of care for your feet.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Caldwell, and Galloway, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about How to Care for Your Arthritic Foot

A foot or ankle injury can cause a disruption of the nerves that causes pain, tingling, a burning sensation, and sometimes, numbness. This condition, known as a neuroma, can also be caused by an ensuing surgery or post-operative brace or cast. It may be difficult to detect the exact source of the nerve damage, because X-rays and other digital imaging tests often cannot see smaller nerves. One method that has been successful is a diagnostic injection of local anesthesia that can help to determine the source of the pain. Among home treatment options are gently massaging the area to calm the irritated nerves; applying topical pain patches to the area for a few weeks; and loosening your shoelaces or elastic brace. In some cases, surgery is also an option. Before taking any measures, it’s a good idea to consult with a podiatrist, who can examine the area, determine the extent of the problem, and suggest a treatment plan that works best for you.   

Neuropathy

Neuropathy can be a potentially serious condition, especially if it is left undiagnosed. If you have any concerns that you may be experiencing nerve loss in your feet, consult with Dr. Douglas Mckay from New Jersey . Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment for neuropathy.

What Is Neuropathy?

Neuropathy is a condition that leads to damage to the nerves in the body. Peripheral neuropathy, or neuropathy that affects your peripheral nervous system, usually occurs in the feet. Neuropathy can be triggered by a number of different causes. Such causes include diabetes, infections, cancers, disorders, and toxic substances.

Symptoms of Neuropathy Include:

  • Numbness
  • Sensation loss
  • Prickling and tingling sensations
  • Throbbing, freezing, burning pains
  • Muscle weakness

Those with diabetes are at serious risk due to being unable to feel an ulcer on their feet. Diabetics usually also suffer from poor blood circulation. This can lead to the wound not healing, infections occurring, and the limb may have to be amputated.

Treatment

To treat neuropathy in the foot, podiatrists will first diagnose the cause of the neuropathy. Figuring out the underlying cause of the neuropathy will allow the podiatrist to prescribe the best treatment, whether it be caused by diabetes, toxic substance exposure, infection, etc. If the nerve has not died, then it’s possible that sensation may be able to return to the foot.

Pain medication may be issued for pain. Electrical nerve stimulation can be used to stimulate nerves. If the neuropathy is caused from pressure on the nerves, then surgery may be necessary.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Caldwell, and Galloway, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Neuropathy
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